Cassin's Finch

Haemorhous cassinii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

CAFI

Code 6

CARCAS

ITIS

Egg Color:

Blue green with brown and black spots



Number of Eggs:

4 - 6



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

10 - 80 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Twigs, reeds, rootlets, and strips of bark with lining of fibers, soft grass, and hair.



Migration:

Northern birds migrate



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General

Cassin's Finch: Medium-sized, cheery finch with bright red crown and brown-streaked back. Belly is white and neck, upper breast, and rump are buff. Bill tapers evenly to a sharp point. Female has crisp brown streaks over entire body and no red hues.

Range and Habitat

Cassin's Finch: This species breeds from southern British Columbia and extreme southwestern Alberta south across the western states to southern California, northern Arizona and New Mexico. Visits lowlands in the southern portion of its range during winter. Preferred habitats include open conifer stands at high elevations.

Breeding and Nesting

Cassin's Finch: Four or six blue green eggs with brown and black spots are laid in a cup nest made of twigs and rootlets, usually built in a conifer. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Cassin's Finch: Feeds on seeds and buds, especially those from conifers, and fruits; also eats insects during summer.

Vocalization

Cassin's Finch: Song is a series of warbles. Call note, a high "pwee-de-lip", is diagnostic.

Similar Species

Cassin's Finch: House Finch has streaked underparts, less purple on head, longer tail, and different call notes. Purple Finch has unstreaked undertail coverts and smaller bill. Pine Siskin is similar to female, but is smaller and lacks face pattern.

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X