Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch

Leucosticte tephrocotis




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White, sometimes with red brown spots

Number of Eggs:

4 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In ridges of rocks or cliffs or sometimes in caves or eaves of buildings.

Nest Material:

Grass, rootlets, lichen, and moss, lined with fine grass, plant down, and feathers.


Some migrate



Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Medium-sized finch with brown body and pink on shoulders, flanks, and belly. Forehead is dark brown and bill is yellow with dark tip. Back of head and belly have gray patches. Female is duller. Coastal birds may have gray faces.

Range and Habitat

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Breeds from in the western range of North America from Alaska to California. Winters from southern British Columbia and Alberta south to Nevada and New Mexico. Residents occur along the Aleutian Islands and the Pacific Northwest. Prefers alpine tundra and high snowfields; winters in nearby lowlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Four to five white eggs, sometimes with red brown spots, are laid in a bulky nest built in a rock cavity. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Eats seeds, vegetation, and insects; forages on the ground.


Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Gives harsh "cheep, cheep" notes in flight.

Similar Species

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch: Black Rosy-Finch lacks brown back and breast. Brown-capped Rosy-Finch lacks gray on the head.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X