Common Ground Dove

Columbina passerina




Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

2 - 3

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

1 - 21 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Flimsy platform of twigs and plant fibers or little or no nest materials.





Common Ground Dove: Small, rounded dove with plain gray-brown back and scaled pink-gray head and breast. Eyes are red and bill is orange-red with black tip. Wings show rufous primaries in flight. Tail is short. Female is duller.

Range and Habitat

Common Ground Dove: Resident in southern parts of the United States from southern California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and east from Alabama to North Carolina. Also resident in much of Mexico and throughout the West Indies. Preferred habitats include fields, gardens, farmlands, and roadsides.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Ground Dove: Two or three white eggs are laid in a nest on or close to the ground, often hidden in a tuft of grass or among weeds. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Ground Dove: Feeds on seeds, berries, and occasionally insects; forages on the ground.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Millet, Sunflower


Common Ground Dove: Makes soft cooing notes "coo-oo, coo-oo, coo-oo", each with rising inflection.

Similar Species

Common Ground Dove: Juvenile Mourning Dove is larger, longer-tailed, and lack rufous primaries. Inca Dove is longer-tailed and scaled on upperparts and underparts.

The upper front part of a bird.
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X