Marbled Murrelet

Brachyramphus marmoratus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

MAMU

Code 6

BRAMAR

ITIS

Egg Color:

Green yellow, black brown spots



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

27 - 30



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

No material added to nest.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Marbled Murrelet: Small, chubby seabird with dark brown mottled upperparts and paler, white-tipped brown feathers on underparts, giving a wavy-barred appearance. Bill is dark. Sexes are similar. Winter adult has dark brown-black upperparts, a white stripe on the scapulars, and white underparts. Juvenile is similar to winter adult but duller and shows faint brown barring on sides and neck.

Range and Habitat

Marbled Murrelet: This species breeds from the outer Aleutians Islands south along the Pacific coast of North America to central California. A few winter along breeding coasts and further south, but main wintering area is poorly documented. Preferred breeding habitat is in coastal rain forests and inland waters.

Breeding and Nesting

Marbled Murrelet: One light green yellow egg, spotted with brown and black, is laid on a platform of moss built high in a forest tree. Incubation ranges from 27 to 30 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Marbled Murrelet: Eats small fish, crustaceans, and squid; forages by diving from the surface.

Vocalization

Marbled Murrelet: Makes a sharp "keer" or lower "kee."

Similar Species

Marbled Murrelet: Kittlitz's Murrelet has a white belly and white outer tail feathers. Long-billed Murrelet lacks white collar in winter plumage.

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ScapularsX
Short feathers in the area where the bird’s back and wings join.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X