Long-billed Murrelet

Brachyramphus perdix

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

LBMU

Code 6

BRAPER

ITIS

Egg Color:

Blue green, dark spots



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

27 - 30



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Up to 23 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Moss and lichen.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Long-billed Murrelet: Small seabird with dark brown body, paler throat, white eye-ring, and darker brown bars on underparts. Bill is straight and black. Sexes are similar. Winter adult and juvenile have dark cap extending below the eye, pale stripes on back, and white underparts; juvenile throat and upper breast are lightly washed with gray.

Range and Habitat

Long Billed Murrelet: Breeds in old growth forests of eastern Russia, winters south to Japan. Rare to casual occurrences reported throughout North America, especially in fall and winter. Sightings have occurred from Alaska to Florida. Preferred habitats include lakes and rivers, oceans, rocky places, coniferous and open forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Long Billed Murrelet: One blue-green egg is laid in a nest made of moss and lichens, built far from the ocean, usually on the branch of a conifer. Incubation is estimated to be 27 to 30 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Long Billed Murrelet: Diet consists of fish and crustaceans; forages by diving from the surface.

Vocalization

Long Billed Murrelet: Song is a repeated call of "meer, meer" in flight and on water.

Similar Species

Long Billed Murrelet: Marbled Murrelet has cinnamon-brown underparts with black mottling and bars. Kittlitz's Murrelet has a shorter bill and whiter underparts.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X