Craveri's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus craveri

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

CRMU

Code 6

SYNCRA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Craveri's Murrelet has a small breeding range, confined only to coastal areas on western Mexico and the United States, to which it is native. This bird prefers marine ecosystems that are neritic, oceanic, or coastal. The global population of this bird is estimated at 5000 breeding pairs and a total of about 15,000 to 20,000 individuals and meets population decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of Craveri's Murrelet is Vulnerable.

SUMMARY

Overview

Craveri's Murrelet: Small, plump seabird, reminiscent of a small, flying penguin. with black upperparts that extend as a bar onto the side of upper breast, distinct white crescents above and below eyes, white underparts, and dark gray underwing linings. Feeds on crustaceans and small fish.


Range and Habitat

Craveri's Murrelet: A threatened species; breeds on islands in the Gulf of California and off Baja California north to San Benito Islands. After breeding, wanders to the southern California coast, occasionally farther north. Rocky cliffs and offshore waters are the preferred habitat for this murrelet.

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Craveri's Murrelet SONGS AND CALLS

Craveri's Murrelet FF1

Call is a high-pitched, trilled whistle.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"chatter-chatter-chatter"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Craveri's Murrelet is considered by some to be one of the more endangered species of auk. The estimated population is between 6,000-10,000 breeding pairs.
  • It flies well, and can take off without taxiing.
  • The chicks are highly precocial, leaving the nest within two days of hatching and running actively towards the sea, where the parents call to them. Once at sea the family swims to offshore waters.
  • A group of auks has many collective nouns, including a "colony", "loomery", and "raft" of auks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X