Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Longspurs and Snow Buntings (Calcariidae)

Code 4

CCLO

Code 6

CALORN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White marked with brown, black and purple



Number of Eggs:

4 - 5



Incubation Days:

10 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with grass and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Small, sparrow-like bird with brown-streaked upperparts, black breast and flanks, some have chestnut on underparts, and pale gray belly. Face is buff with black stripe behind eye. Nape is chestnut-brown, crown is black, and throat is white. Tail is black with strongly contrasting white outer tail feathers. Female and winter adult are buff overall with complex brown streaks.

Range and Habitat

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Breeds in northern plains from Alberta and Manitoba south to northern Colorado. Spends winters from southeastern Colorado and Kansas south to Texas and northern Mexico and west to southern California. Dry elevated prairies and short-grass plains are its preferred habitats.

Breeding and Nesting

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Four to five white eggs, marked with brown, black, and purple, are laid in a grass-lined hollow under a clump of grass. Incubation ranges from 10 to 13 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Feeds primarily on grass seeds and insects; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Chestnut-collared Longspur: Emits a soft, sweet, tumbling call.

Similar Species

Chestnut-collared Longspur: McCown's Longspur has rust-brown shoulders and larger bill. Lapland Longspur all-black underparts and white on face.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X