Virginia's Warbler

Leiothlypis virginiae




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with brown flecks

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

11 - 12

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

On ground.

Nest Material:

Bark pieces, grasses, moss, lichens, and stems.





Virginia's Warbler: Small warbler with gray upperparts and yellow rump. Throat is white, breast and undertail are yellow, and sides and belly are white with a gray wash. Head has rufous crown patch and bold white eye-rings. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller.

Range and Habitat

Virginia's Warbler: Breeds from southeastern California, southern Idaho, and northern Colorado south to Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas. Spends winters south of the U.S.-Mexico border. Preferred habitats include scrub oak and other chaparral, pinyon-juniper brushlands, and pine and oak woodlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Virginia's Warbler: Three to five brown flecked, white eggs are laid in a loosely built cup nest on the ground. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Virginia's Warbler: Diet consists mostly of insects. Forages on the ground, in foliage, or catches insects in mid-air.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Virginia’s Warbler: Two part song with slurred notes. Call is "chink."

Similar Species

Virginia's Warbler: Lucy's Warbler lacks white eye-ring, yellow rump, and undertail coverts. Nashville Warbler has more yellow on underparts and more olive on upperparts. Colima Warbler is larger and darker, and its range is restricted to a small area in Texas.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X