Tufted Puffin

Fratercula cirrhata

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

TUPU

Code 6

FRACIR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White or blue with brown, gray and lavender spots



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

41



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Burrow in soft sand or soil.



Nest Material:

Lined with grass and feathers.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Tufted Puffin: Medium-sized seabird, black overall except for white face and glossy yellow plumes behind eyes. Bill is large, mostly bright red with yellow and sometimes green markings. Legs and feet are bright orange. Sexes are similar. Winter adult is duller with paler underparts, white eyebrows, no eye plumes, and smaller, dull orange bill with black base. Juvenile is similar to winter adult but has olive-brown bill, dark eye, and white or dark underparts.

Range and Habitat

Tufted Puffin: Form dense breeding colonies during the reproductive season from British Columbia, throughout southeastern Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands and throughout the Sea of Okhotsk. Prefer select islands or cliffs, with soft soil and grass that are close to productive waters and high enough that they can take to the air successfully.

Breeding and Nesting

Tufted Puffin: One white or blue egg, often spotted, is laid in a burrow on an island or coastal cliff. Egg is incubated for approximately 41 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Tufted Puffin: Feeds on anchovies, other small fish, squid, octopus, crabs, zooplankton, and jellyfish; forages by diving from the surface, usually far from shore.

Vocalization

Tufted Puffin: Usually silent except for occasional growling notes uttered around nest site.

Similar Species

Tufted Puffin: Rhinoceros Auklet resembles juvenile, but has much thinner bill.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X