Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

CHSP

Code 6

SPIPAS

ITIS

Egg Color:

Blue green with dark brown, blue and black marks



Number of Eggs:

2 - 5



Incubation Days:

11 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

3 - 11 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Grass, forbs, weed stalks, and rootlets.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Chipping Sparrow: Medium-sized, slender sparrow with black-streaked brown back and pale gray underparts. Cap is rufous, nape is gray, throat is white, and face stripes are black-and-white. Sexes are similar. Winter adult has black-streaked brown crown. Juvenile is similar to winter adult but has streaked underparts.

Range and Habitat

Chipping Sparrow: Breeds throughout most of the continent from Alaska, Manitoba, and Newfoundland south to California, Texas, northern Florida, and Mexico. Spends winters across southern U.S. southward into Mexico. Preferred habitats include grassy woodland edges, gardens, city parks, brushy pastures, and lawns.

Breeding and Nesting

Chipping Sparrow: Two to five blue green eggs, marked with dark brown, blue, and black, are laid in a solid cup of grass and stems, usually lined with hair, and built in shrubbery or in a tangle of vines. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Chipping Sparrow: Feeds on insects and seeds; forages on the ground.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Millet, Sunflower

Vocalization

Chipping Sparrow: Song is a thin musical trill, all on one note like the sound of a sewing machine.

Similar Species

Chipping Sparrow: Clay-colored Sparrow has more distinct whiskers and buff breast. Brewer's Sparrow has indistinct stripe behind eye and eye-ring.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X