Field Sparrow

Spizella pusilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

FISP

Code 6

SPIPUS

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to pale blue or green with brown markings



Number of Eggs:

2 - 6



Incubation Days:

10 - 17



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

0 - 3 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Grasses and leaves with lining of mammal hair and rootlets.



Migration:

Northern birds migrate



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General

Field Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with rufous cap and unstreaked, buff breast. Eye-ring is white and bill is pink. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has gray-striped crown and streaked underparts.

Range and Habitat

Field Sparrow: Breeds from Saskatchewan, central Minnesota, northern Wisconsin, and southern Ontario and Quebec south to Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, and central Texas. Spends winters south to the Gulf of Mexico and northeastern Mexico. Prefers abandoned fields and pastures overgrown with weeds, scattered bushes, and small saplings.

Breeding and Nesting

Field Sparrow: Two to six brown marked, white to pale blue or green eggs are laid in a woven cup-shaped nest made of grass, lined with rootlets or fine grass, and set on or near the ground. Incubation ranges from 10 to 17 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Field Sparrow: Eats seeds and insects; forages on the ground.

Vocalization

Field Sparrow: Call is a series of soft, plaintive notes, all on the same pitch, accelerating to a trill at the end.

Similar Species

Field Sparrow: Clay-colored Sparrow has a brown crown with central stripe, buff cheek patch, gray nape, and white underparts with a buff wash on breast.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X