Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium brasilianum

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls, Typical Owls (Tytonidae & Strigidae)

Code 4

FEPO

Code 6

GLABRA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl is rated at this time as Least Concern. This is a terrestrial bird that has a fairly extensive range of up to 13 million square kilometers. The population of this bird is believed to be as many as 50 million individual birds. The Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl is native to South America, Central America and portions of North America. This bird species was once rated as Lower Risk, but that rating was downgraded in 2004 to Least Concern due to its extremely large population as well as its extensive range.

SUMMARY

Overview

Ferruginous Pygmy Owl: Small owl, plain brown upperparts, white underparts with thick, brown streaks. Round head has stripes and no ear tufts. Nape has two conspicuous black patches outlined in white. Tail is long and rufous with dark brown bars. Flight is rapid and direct with unmuffled wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: This owl is a resident from extreme south central Arizona and extreme southern Texas south along coast Mexico and into South America. Found in riparian areas within deserts. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the Arizona population as an endangered species in March 1997.

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Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl SONGS AND CALLS

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Z1

High-pitched "pee-weet" calls.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Z2

Repeated "chu" calls.

Similar Sounding

Northern Pygmy-Owl A1

Toot song is a whistled, repetitive "too-too-too-too".


Voice Text

"puk-puk-puk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ferruginous Pygmy Owl is crepuscular (active at dawn and dusk), and often hunts by day.
  • This bird can be readily located by the small birds that mob it while it is perched in a tree. Up to 40 birds of 11 species have been recorded mobbing one owl.
  • The call is easily imitated, and is used by birdwatchers to attract small birds intent on mobbing, and other pygmy owls.
  • A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RiparianX
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X