Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

NRWS

Code 6

STESER

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Northern Rough-winged Swallow has a large range, encompassing much of North and Central America and nearby island nations. This bird prefers forest and wetland ecosystems as well as rocky areas and arable land. The global population of this bird is not exactly known as it was only recently recognized by the IUCN, but does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Rough-winged Swallow is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Rough-winged Swallow: Small, stocky swallow, brown upperparts, paler underparts, pale brown throat. Tail is squared with white undertail coverts. Named for tiny hooks found on outer primary feathers. Swift, graceful flight, alternates several slow, deep wing beats with short or long glides.


Range and Habitat

Northern Rough-winged Swallow: Breeds from southeastern Alaska and southern Canada southward throughout the much of the continental U.S. Spends winters from southern California south to southern Mexico, along the Gulf Coast, and in southern Florida. Nests in cliffs, along riverbanks, and beneath bridges.

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Northern Rough-winged Swallow SONGS AND CALLS

Northern Rough-winged Swallow TT1

Flight calls from a large flock.

Northern Rough-winged Swallow C1

"Jrrr-jrrr-jrr" calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"br-r-ret"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Greek genus name, Stelgidopteryx, means "scraper wing;" the Latin species name, serripennis, means "saw feather."
  • A pair of birds was documented nesting in a Civil War Cannon.
  • John James Audubon discovered the Northern Rough-winged Swallow in Louisiana in 1819. He shot five birds and only after seeing they were unfamiliar, collected them for further study.
  • A group of swallows has many collective nouns, including a "gulp", "herd", "kettle", "richness", and "sord" of swallows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X