Lewis's Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis




Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

4 - 9

Incubation Days:

13 - 14

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

5 - 170 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Wood chips or bark pieces in trunks of trees or poles.


Some migrate



Lewis's Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with dark green-black upperparts and hood. Face is red, collar is gray, and belly is pale red. Sexes are similar. Juvenile lacks red face and collar, and has less red on belly.

Range and Habitat

Lewis's Woodpecker: Breeds from southern British Columbia and Alberta south to central California, northern Arizona, and northern New Mexico. Spends winters from Oregon south to northern Baja California, and the southwest. Open pine-oak woodlands, oak, or cottonwood groves in grasslands, and ponderosa pine country are preferred habitats.

Breeding and Nesting

Lewis's Woodpecker: Four to nine white eggs are laid in a cavity in a dead stump or tree limb, often at a considerable height. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Lewis's Woodpecker: About one-third of its diet consists of acorns, which it stores in cracks and bark furrows; also eats insects such as ants, crickets, and grasshoppers, also berries, pine nuts, juniper berries, cherries, and apricots.


Lewis's Woodpecker: Generally silent, but in the mating season, utters a chirring sound and a high-pitched, squalling "chee-up", repeated for long periods of time. Near the nest, the adults give a series of sharp "ick, ick, ick."

Similar Species

Lewis's Woodpecker: No other North American woodpeckers have green plumage.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X