Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus




Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

3 - 6

Incubation Days:

11 - 15

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

4 - 60 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Cavity lined with chips.


Some migrate



Hairy Woodpecker: Small woodpecker with black-and-white upperparts and white underparts. Head has a red hindcrown patch. Tail is black with white outer tail feathers. Northwest birds have gray-brown breast, belly, and rump. Female and juvenile are similar but lack red patch on heads.

Range and Habitat

Hairy Woodpecker: This species is a resident throughout much of North America from subarctic Alaska across Canada and south throughout most of the United States to the Gulf of Mexico and further south into Mexico. Some northern birds migrate south for the winter. Its preferred habitats include deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Hairy Woodpecker: Three to six white eggs are laid in a hole in a tree. Incubation ranges from 11 to 15 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Hairy Woodpecker: Diet consists of insects, especially gypsy moth caterpillars and pupae, spiders, nuts, seeds, and fruits; forages in trees, bushes, brush piles, and canes.

Readily Eats

Suet, Nuts


Hairy Woodpecker: Song is a sharp rattling. When disturbed flutters its wings and utters a "brrrup" or "kweek", or engages in displacement tapping and pecking.

Similar Species

Hairy Woodpecker: Downy Woodpecker is smaller, has proportionally smaller bill, barred outer tail feathers, and different call.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X