Allen's Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin




Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:


Incubation Days:

15 - 22

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In shaded area on top of tree limb, shrub, or building.

Nest Material:

Moss, stems, weeds, and plant down.


Neotropical Migrant



Allen's Hummingbird: Small, compact hummingbird; male has straight black bill, glittering green crown and back, white breast, and rufous sides, belly, rump, and tail. The throat (gorget) is iridescent copper-red. Female similar but lacks bright gorget. Tail is rufous, black, and green with white-tipped outer tail feathers. Feeds on nectar, insects, spiders, and sap. Swift direct flight, hovers when feeding.

Range and Habitat

Allen's Hummingbird: Breeds along the Pacific coast from southern Oregon to southern California. Resident in extreme southern California; winters from southern California and Arizona to central Mexico and sometimes can be found along the Gulf Coast states. Preferred habitats include coastal chaparral, brushlands, and edges of redwood forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Allen's Hummingbird: Two white eggs are laid in a tiny, tightly woven cup built on a sheltered branch. Incubation ranges from 15 to 22 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Allen's Hummingbird: Long narrow bill and tongue allow it to obtain nectar from flowers. Also obtains protein from small insects. Consumes over twice its weight in nectar each day by feeding every 10 to 15 minutes and visiting as many as 1,000 flowers.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water


Allen's Hummingbird: Calls include a low "chup" and an excited "zeeee chuppity-chup."

Similar Species

Allen's Hummingbird: Male Rufous Hummingbird has less green on crown and back. Female Rufous Hummingbird is indistinguishable in appearance.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X