Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte anna




Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

1 - 3

Incubation Days:

14 - 19

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

1.5 - 30 feet above ground., On small tree branch, cliff ledge, or on utility wire.

Nest Material:

Plant down bound with spider silk and lined with plant down or feathers.





Anna's Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird; male has bronze-green upperparts and dull gray-green underparts. Hood and throat are iridescent red, but may appear black or dark purple in low light; broken white eye-ring is usually visible. Tail is dark green with black outer tail feathers. Female is duller with a green cap and sometimes shows metallic red or purple patches and spots on throat. Dark green tail is white-tipped. Subadult male resembles female but has darker throat with distinctive streaking and may show red spots on crown. Juvenile resembles female but has white throat with faint spotting. Feeds on nectar, insects, spiders, and sap.

Range and Habitat

Anna's Hummingbird: Resident from southern British Columbia southward; casual to southern Alaska. Some winter from Baja California to Texas. Their habitat varies from the desert to the mountains to the coastal areas along the west coast, in areas including chaparral, brushy oak woodlands and gardens.

Breeding and Nesting

Anna's Hummingbird: One to three white eggs are laid in a tiny woven cup of small twigs and lichens fastened onto a sheltered horizontal limb. Incubation ranges from 14 to 19 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Anna's Hummingbird: Feeds on flower nectar with long bill and tongue while hovering. Most attracted to long, tubular flowers, with red, orange, or violet hues; also uses holes in trees to extract sap and feeds on flying insects or those trapped in spider webs.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water


Anna's Hummingbird: Calls include a sharp "chip" and rapid "chee-chee-chee-chee-chee."

Similar Species

Anna's Hummingbird: Black-chinned Hummingbird is smaller with paler underparts, purple crown and throat, white eyebrow, and slightly down-curved bill. Costa’s Hummingbird is smaller with purple throat, white spot behind eye, and slightly down-curved bill.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X