Band-tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata




Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

1 - 2

Incubation Days:

18 - 20

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

8 - 40 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Flimsy platform of twigs.





Band-tailed Pigeon: Large dove with small, purple-gray head and a broad neck with distinctive, thin white band on nape. Back and wings are purple-gray and underparts grade from purple-gray neck and breast to white belly. Tail is pale gray with dark band at base. Bill and feet are yellow. Sexes are similar. Juvenile lacks white neck band.

Range and Habitat

Band-tailed Pigeon: Found in Colorado, belongs to the Four Corners population ranging across parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Mexico. There is also a population along western Mexico, California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia referred to as the Pacific Coast population. Preferred habitats include coniferous and mixed forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Band-tailed Pigeon: Lays one or two white eggs in a flimsy platform nest made of sticks and twigs, lined with pine needles, and built in a tree. Incubation ranges from 18 to 20 days and is carried out by both parents. Young fledge 25 to 27 days later; may have two or three broods each year.

Foraging and Feeding

Band-tailed Pigeon: Eats nuts, seeds, berries, blossoms, and insects; also feeds on crops such as cherries, berries, oats, barley, and wheat; forages on the ground.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Millet, Nuts, Sunflower


Band-tailed Pigeon: Song is an owl-like, deep, and hollow "whoo-whoo-who."

Similar Species

Band-tailed Pigeon: Rock Pigeon lacks white band on back of neck.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X