Townsend's Warbler

Setophaga townsendi




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with small brown dots

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Across conifer limb, high above ground.

Nest Material:

Bark pieces, plant fibers, lichens, grasses, and cocoon materials.





Townsend's Warbler: Small warbler with black-spotted, olive green upperparts and black throat and upper breast. Lower breast and sides are yellow with heavy black streaks, and belly is white. Head has bright yellow face, black crown and cheek patch, and white crescent below eye. Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail has thick white edges and dark center and tip. Female and juvenile are duller with yellow throats and black-spotted, yellow upper breasts.

Range and Habitat

Townsend's Warbler: Breeds from southern Alaska and British Columbia to northern Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. Spends winters along the Pacific coast states from Oregon to the Baja Peninsula and inland areas of central Mexico. Preferred habitats include coniferous forests, especially old stands of Douglas firs.

Breeding and Nesting

Townsend's Warbler: Three to five white eggs, with small brown spots, are laid in a well-concealed shallow cup nest, usually in a conifer. Eggs are incubated for 12 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Townsend's Warbler: Diet consists of insects and spiders; forages by gleaning prey from clumps of leaves while perched or hovering; occasionally catches flying insects in mid-air.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Townsend's Warbler: Song is a high, wheezy "zwee zwee zwee zwee sweezit", rising in pitch then dropping at the end, although the pattern is quite variable.

Similar Species

Townsend's Warbler: Black-throated Green Warbler has yellow cheeks and face without dark ear patches. Hermit Warbler lacks black cheeks and crown.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X