Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler

Setophaga coronata




Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White to creamy white with brown, red-brown, and gray markings.

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 13

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

4 - 50 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Twigs, pine needles, moss and grasses lined with hair and feathers.





Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with dark-streaked, blue-gray upperparts, and bright yellow rump and throat. Belly is white, breast has white and black streaks or scalloping, and yellow patches on the sides. Head is gray with yellow crown, black lores, white lower and upper eye crescents; lacks black cheeks and white supercilium of Myrtle subspecies. Wings are dark with white-edged coverts, and two white bars. Tail is dark with white corners. Female is duller and browner, and has streaked sides and flanks. Juvenile resembles female but lacks yellow throat, crown, breast patches, and rump.

Range and Habitat

Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Breeds in coniferous forests from British Columbia and Alberta to southwest Saskatchewan, south to Arizona and New Mexico, and east to Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado. Winters south to Mexico and rarely to Honduras. Found year-round along the coasts of Washington, Oregon, northern California, and parts of Mexico and Guatemala. Accidental to the eastern U.S. and Canada.

Breeding and Nesting

Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Three to five brown and gray marked, white to creamy white eggs are laid in a bulky nest made of twigs, rootlets, and grass, lined with hair and feathers, and usually built in a conifer. Incubation ranges from 12 to 13 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Feeds mainly on insects in the summer and on berries and fruits in the winter, particularly wax-coated berries of bayberries and wax myrtles; unique gastrointestinal traits allow it to subsist on this unusual food source.

Readily Eats

Suet, Meal Worms, Fruit, Nut Pieces


Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Song is a trill or musical warble, "tuwee-tuwee-tuwee." Call is a soft "chek" or "psit." Gives a clear "tsee" in flight.

Similar Species

Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler: Myrtle subspecies has a white throat, black lores and cheeks, white under-eye crescents, and a white supercilium. Other warblers with yellow rumps have yellow underparts.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Also called the superciliary, it is the arch of feathers over the eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X