Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Creeper (Certhiidae)

Code 4

BRCR

Code 6

CERAME

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red brown flecks



Number of Eggs:

4 - 8



Incubation Days:

13 - 17



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

5 - 50 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Twigs, moss, conifer needles, silk, lined with shredded bark and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Brown Creeper: Small, tree-clinging bird with brown-streaked upperparts and white underparts. White line over eye and long, decurved bill are conspicuous. Sexes are similar. Uses stiff tail for support when climbing.

Range and Habitat

Brown Creeper: Breeds from the south coast of Alaska east to Newfoundland and southward to the western and northern U.S and along the Rocky Mountains into southern Mexico. Spends winters in breeding range and areas south throughout the states to the Gulf coast and Florida. Preferred habitats include deciduous and mixed woodlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Brown Creeper: Four to eight white eggs, lightly speckled with red brown, are laid in a cup of shredded bark, feathers, sticks, and moss, usually built against a tree trunk behind a peeling slab of bark. Incubation ranges from 13 to 17 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Brown Creeper: Diet consists of various insects, seeds, and some nuts; also come to feeders for suet. Usually forages by creeping along trunks and branches like a woodpecker.

Readily Eats

Suet

Vocalization

Brown Creeper: Call is a high-pitched, lisping "tsee", while the song is a tinkling, descending warble.

Similar Species

Brown Creeper: None in range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X