Egyptian Goose

Alopochen aegyptiaca




Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Yellowish cream

Number of Eggs:

1 - 22

Incubation Days:

28 - 30

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

On ground or in trees.

Nest Material:

Grasses, leaves, mud, feathers, and bits of debris.





Egyptian Goose: Large goose with unmistakable plumage. Tan breast and belly with delicate gray vermiculations and brown breast spot; black primaries, rump, and tail, contrasting with white wing coverts and iridescent green secondaries. Brown mask with golden yellow eyes, and pink bill and legs. The origins of the North American population is uncertain but likely the result of captive escapees. Feeds on grass, seeds, leaves, aquatic plants, and food brought by humans. Direct flight with strong wingbeats.

Range and Habitat

Egyptian Goose: Native to sub-Saharan Africa and the Nile Valley. Popular as ornamental birds, escapees have been introduced across Europe and in North America. Florida, Texas, and southern California have established breeding populations. Found in other locations scattered across the southern United States. Texas populations undergo seasonal, short-distance migrations. In their native habitat, found in non-forested areas near water. Where it has been introduced occurs in parks, golf courses, and other bodies of water near developed areas.

Breeding and Nesting

Egyptian Goose: Little is known about the breeding and nesting habits of the North American population. Anywhere from 1-22 yellowish cream eggs are laid in a nest made of a wide variety of found materials including down, grasses, and leaves. Nests have been found on the ground and in trees, and in its native African range, nests have also been found in caves, holes, cliff ledges, buildings, and even in other species' old nests.. Incubation lasts 28-30 days and is carried out by the female while the male stands guard several yards away.

Foraging and Feeding

Egyptian Goose: More study is needed on habits in North America but probably similar to those in native range. Feeds on grasses, seeds, leaves, shoots of flowers and herbs, and since many populations are found in parks, also feeds on bread, corn, bird seed, and other foods brought by humans.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Millet, Sunflower Seed


Egyptian Goose: Hisses when threatened and honks when taking flight. Male produces a raspy hiss; female call is a cackling "hur-hur-hur".

Similar Species

Egyptian Goose: Unlikely to be confused with any other species in this range.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
Wing covertsX
The feathers that cover and protect the flight feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X