Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium sanchezi

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls, Typical Owls (Tytonidae & Strigidae)

Code 4

TAPO

Code 6

GLASAN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

28



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Tree cavity or old woodpecker hole.



Nest Material:

Unknown



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, red-brown upperparts, some buff spots in wing, brown-gray on head, two large round black spots on nape with white edging. Red-brown on sides of breast, red-brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled gray and white facial disk, short white eyebrows, no ear tufts. Eyes yellow, bill yellow-buff. Short, rounded wings, short to medium black-gray tail with four buff or white bars. Bare, pink feet. Female has red-brown instead of gray on head.

Range and Habitat

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Endemic resident of northeast Mexico, where it is found in south Tamaulipas, southeast San Luis Potosi and north Hidalgo. Found from 900-2,100 meters in elevation, in humid subtropical pine-evergreen and evergreen forests, montane forests, as well as cloud forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Although the breeding behavior of this species is very poorly documented, it is probably similar to that of other pygmy-owl species whereby two or more white eggs are laid in an old woodpecker hole or other natural tree cavity, and are incubated by the female for 28 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Eats arthropods, small lizards, and small birds. It forages by waiting on a perch in the day and then swooping to the ground or vegetation to catch prey with its talons.

Vocalization

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Song is a series of 1-3 high-pitched, piping toots separated by long pauses.

Similar Species

Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl: Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl is slightly larger, lives at lower elevations, and prefers dry, open areas.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X