Cape Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium hoskinsii

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls, Typical Owls (Tytonidae & Strigidae)

Code 4

NON-AOU

Code 6

NON-AOU

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2 - 7



Incubation Days:

28



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Tree cavities and old woodpecker holes.



Nest Material:

Feathers, wood chips, leaves, nests of other birds, cedar bark and moss.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



SPONSORED ADVERTISEMENTS

General

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Very small owl, mottled brown upperparts, white spots in shoulder of wing, white and buff spots on head, two large round black spots on nape. Mottled brown on sides of breast, brown streaks on white underparts. Mottled brown facial disk, short white eyebrows, no ear tufts. Eyes yellow, bill yellow-buff. White barring and spotting on short, rounded wings, longish tail with white bars. Bare, gray feet. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Endemic to the mountains of southern Baja California where it is found year-round. Prefers pine-oak and pine forests. Usually found between 1,500-2,100 meters in elevation, though may move to lower altitudes in the winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Two to seven white eggs are laid in an old woodpecker hole or other natural tree cavity, and are incubated by the female for 28 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Eats arthropods, small lizards, small birds, and rodents. It forages by waiting on a perch in the day and then swooping down to the ground or vegetation to catch prey with its talons.

Vocalization

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Typical song is a series of toots, given about 2 seconds apart, "hu, hu, hu, hu".

Similar Species

Cape Pygmy-Owl: Elf Owl is nocturnal, lacks false eyes, and is found in more arid habitats.

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X