Black-and-White Owl

Ciccaba nigrolineata

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls, Typical Owls (Tytonidae & Strigidae)

Code 4

BLWO

Code 6

CICNIG

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

1



Incubation Days:

30 - 35



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree cavities, or orchids on large, living trees. May use old stick nests.



Nest Material:

Old stick nest or other abandoned nests in holes in trees.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Black-and-White Owl: Large owl with black-gray upperparts, blacker on head, and fine black and white barring on the underparts. Facial disk black, mottled white rim, no ear tufts. Eyes are black-brown, bill is yellow. Some white barring on long, rounded wings, barred tail. Bare, yellow feet. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Black-and-white Owl: Resides from central Mexico south through much of Central America to northern Venezuela, northwestern Peru and Colombia, and western Ecuador. Found in tropical forests and woodlands, including rainforest, mangroves, and lowlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Black-and-White Owl: One white egg is laid in a tree cavity, in an old nest of another bird species, or on an epiphyte in a tall tree, high above the ground. The egg is incubated by the female, and the breeding season occurs during the latter half of the dry season.

Foraging and Feeding

Black-and-White Owl: Eats a variety of beetles and other insects, bats, and the occasional bird and rodent. It forages by flying out from a perch at night and catching prey with its talons in the air or from vegetation.

Vocalization

Black-and-white Owl: Gives a series of 5-12 barking hoots, increasing in pitch until the final note. Shorter, 3-5 note calls are also heard, "hoo-hoo-HOO-hoo". Soft hoot calls are given near nest.

Similar Species

Black-and-White Owl: None in this range.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X