White-browed Crake

Amaurornis cinerea micronesiae

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

AMACIN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White-brown with black-brown spots.



Number of Eggs:

4 - 8



Incubation Days:

21



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is built just above water or ground in reeds or other wetland vegetation.



Nest Material:

Grass and marsh vegetation.



Migration:

Most do not migrate



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General

White-browed Crake: Small rail, gray-black crown, prominent white lores extend above eye, short black mask, white throat extends in line below and behind eye. Side of neck and breast gray. White-brown belly and vent. Back, wings, and upper tail gray-brown. Medium to short, rather thick, red-orange bill with orange-yellow tip. Short, broad wings. Short, narrow tail. Medium-length green-yellow legs, long toes. Feeds on insects, small aquatic creatures, and plant material.

Breeding and Nesting

White-browed Crake: Four to eight white-brown eggs with black-brown spots are laid in shallow, cup-shaped nest made of grass and marsh vegetation. The nest is partly covered with marsh grass on top, has a ramp down to the water, and is built just above the water or ground in reeds or other wetland vegetation. Both sexes incubate for 21 days.

Foraging and Feeding

White-browed Crake: Feeds on insects, small aquatic creatures, and seeds and plant shoots. This rail species forages by walking on top of floating marsh vegetation or at the edge of wetlands, and picking food items off of plants and the ground with its bill.

Vocalization

White-browed Crake: Call is a nasal, chattering "chicka". Alarm call is a soft, repeated "charr-r."

Similar Species

Other crakes in this range lack the distinctive facial pattern.

.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X