Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen

Amaurornis moluccana




Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White with black-brown speckles.

Number of Eggs:

4 - 7

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Nest is built in a bush or marsh vegetation or above water.

Nest Material:

Grass, stems, leaves, dry twigs and grass.


Some migrate



Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen: Small to medium-sized, brown-gray rail with olive-brown back, wings, and tail, and a tan belly and vent. Black eye. Rather short, yellow-green bill with yellow spot at the top base of the culmen. Short, broad wings. Very short tail. Fairly long green-yellow legs and feet. Feeds on seeds, insects and other small creatures, and plant matter. Forages on the ground in wet second growth.

Breeding and Nesting

Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen: Four to seven white eggs with black-brown speckles are laid in a cup-shaped, platform nest that sometimes also has a dome on top. The nest is built with grass, stems, and leaves, lined with dry twigs and grass, and built in a bush or marsh vegetation near or above water. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 25 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen: Feeds on seeds, insects and other small animals, and plant matter. This rail forages by walking through wet second growth and marshy areas, and bending down to pick up food items with its bill.


Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen: Call is a repeated shriek or wail. Also emits monotonous piping during feeding.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The uppermost central ridge of the upper mandible.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X