Ruddy Kingfisher

Halcyon coromanda

Order

CORACIIFORMES

Family

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

HALCOR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Ruddy Kingfisher has a large breeding range of 3,630,000 square kilometers. It inhabits forested rivers and streams and mangroves in northeastern China, the Korean peninsula, Japan, Nepal, eastern India, Myanmar, southern China, southern Thailand and Cambodia, Malaysia, and much of Indonesia. Individuals that breed in the northern part of their range winter in the Philippines and southern Asia. It occurs as a rare vagrant to Palau. Although this species is threatened by destruction of mangrove forests and other habitat loss, its population is believed to be large and stable enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Ruddy Kingfisher: Medium-sized brown-orange kingfisher, more brown-yellow on underparts. Back, wings, and tail orange-brown with violet highlights. Huge, red-orange bill with slightly upturned mandible. Black-brown eye. Short, orange legs and feet. Fairly long wings. Short to medium-length, narrow tail. Sexes and juvenile similar.


Range and Habitat

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Ruddy Kingfisher SONGS AND CALLS

Ruddy Kingfisher E1

Song is a descending, whistled "quirr-r-r-r".

Ruddy Kingfisher E2

Fluted, descending call.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"quirrr-r-r-r-r", "pyorr, pyorr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ruddy Kingfisher was first described in India in 1790 by British naturalist J. Latham.
  • The species name for this bird references the Coromandel Coast of India.
  • This bird is fairly shy, preferring to dwell in heavily forested areas. Because of this, they are more often heard than seen.
  • A group of kingfishers is collectively known as a "concentration" and a "relm" of kingfishers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

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