Purple Swamphen (Palau)

Porphyrio porphyrio pelewensis

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

PORPOR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White-yellow with red-brown speckles.



Number of Eggs:

3 - 6



Incubation Days:

23 - 27



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is built on floating vegetation or just above the water in reeds or tall grass.



Nest Material:

Reed stems and marsh vegetation.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Purple Swamphen: Large, blue-purple rail with a blue-black head, orange-red frontal shield, green-black back, and a white vent. Large, deep, orange-red bill. Red eye. Broad, black and purple-blue wings. Very short, black tail with white undertail. Long, red-pink legs and long toes. Feeds on green shoots and bits of vegetation, snails, and small fish and other small animals. Can also take the eggs and nestlings of other birds.

Breeding and Nesting

Purple Swamphen: Three to six white-yellow eggs with red-brown speckles are laid in a large platform nest made with reed stems and other marsh vegetation. The nest is built on floating vegetation or just above the water in reeds or tall grass. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 23 to 27 days. More than one pair can use the same nest.

Foraging and Feeding

Purple Swamphen: Feeds on green shoots, bits of vegetation, roots, small fish, and snails and other small animals. It can also take the eggs and nestlings of other birds. Forages by walking through wetlands and picking up food items with its bill. It also picks up food with its foot and then transfers the item to its bill.

Vocalization

Purple Swamphen: Species is very vocal with a large and variable repertoire. Calls range from low and sonorous to hoarse trumpeting. Song is a series of nasal rattles and in flight this species emits cackling shrieks.

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Frontal shieldX
The area where the bill extends onto the forehead of the bird. It is often brightly colored and is meant to grab the attention of other birds.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X