Palau Ground-Dove

Gallicolumba canifrons

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

GALCAN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

1 - 2



Incubation Days:

15



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Nest is built 3 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Sticks and twigs.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Palau Ground-Dove: Small terrestrial dove with gray head and breast, and red-brown on back of crown and nape. Belly and vent are black-gray. Back and tail are brown-olive. Short, broad wings are brown-olive with purple shoulders. Black-brown eyes. Short, black-gray bill. Short, rectangular tail. Medium-length legs and feet are pink-red. Forages for seeds and fruits on the ground of humid forest and second growth.

Breeding and Nesting

Palau Ground-Dove: Nothing is known about the breeding behavior of this rare species. However, its nest and eggs are probably similar to related species such as the Luzon Bleeding-Heart. This species lays one or two white eggs in small platform nest of sticks and twigs, three feet above the ground. Incubation carried out by the female for 15 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Palau Ground-Dove: Feeds on seeds and fruits, sometimes takes insects. This species forages by walking through leaf litter in forested gullies, and picking up food items with its bill. It also probably forages beneath fruiting trees for fruits that have fallen to the ground.

Vocalization

Palau Ground-Dove: Generally silent. Song is a rising "oooa, oooa, oooa" heard at dawn and dusk.

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X