Nicobar Pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica pelewensis




Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:


Incubation Days:

16 - 18

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Nest is built 10 feet above the ground in a bush or tree.

Nest Material:

Sticks and twigs.





Nicobar Pigeon: Large, slate-gray pigeon with long, iridescent bronze-green hackles on the neck and back. The wings are bronze-green, and the head is white-gray with black-brown eyes. The wings are long and broad, and the medium-length bill is black-gray. Tail is short and white. Strong, medium-length legs and feet are gray-pink. Feeds on fruit, seeds, grains, nuts, and insects. Forages by picking food items off the ground.

Breeding and Nesting

Nicobar Pigeon: One, long white egg is laid in an untidy, shallow nest constructed with sticks and twigs. The nest is built ten feet above the ground in a bush or tree, often near other Nicobar Pigeon nests. Incubation is carried out by both adults for two and a half weeks. This species only nests on small, often isolated, islands.

Foraging and Feeding

Nicobar Pigeon: Feeds on seeds, fruits, grains, and nuts. Also takes insects, especially when breeding. This pigeon species forages by walking on the ground and picking up food items with its bill. It also picks up tiny stones that are used in the gizzard for grinding up its food.


Nicobar Pigeon: Mostly silent, but emits harsh croaks or barks, like "ku-rrau."

Similar Species

Rock Pigeon has gray head, irridescent collar, gray wings with two black wing bars, orange legs and feet, and a normal white cere, but plumage varies.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X