Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis




Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Smooth, slightly glossy and creamy, tan or olive with specks, spots and some blotches of reddish-brown.

Number of Eggs:

4, 4

Incubation Days:

26 - 29

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Often on a mound at the marshy edge of a lagoon, lake or pool.

Nest Material:

Shallow hollow in ground lined with dry grass.





Marsh Sandpiper: Slender, medium-sized wader. Brown-gray wings and upper back with black mottling. Lower back white, and tail is white with black barring. Head and neck white and pale gray with black streaking. White underparts with black speckles on breast and flanks. Straight, thin black bill, and yellow-green legs. Sexes similar. Winter adults like summer but fewer black markings above, clean, white underparts, and faint streaks on head and neck. Juveniles like winter adults but upperparts dark gray-brown with pale edging, and more streaks on back, head, and neck.

Breeding and Nesting

Marsh Sandpiper: Nesting is in solitary pairs or loose groups. Favored areas include warm freshwater or brackish wetlands, marshes, lagoons, or pools. Grass-lined nest is a shallow depression in grassy or muddy area. Both parents share responsibility for incubating eggs and caring for young.

Foraging and Feeding

Marsh Sandpiper: Wading up to their bellies in shallow water while probing or sweeping with their bills, they feed on insects, mollusks and small crustaceans


Marsh Sandpiper: Flight call is repeated "kiiew". Alarm call is a sharp "yip." Mated pairs exchange whistling calls, such as "tu-ee-u."

Similar Species

Marsh Sandpiper: Common Greenshank is larger, has shorter legs, a shorter, lighter bill, a stockier body shape, a thin white eyering, and darker coloring.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X