Greater Sand-Plover

Thalasseus bergii cristatus




Lapwings and Plovers (Charadriidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:


Number of Eggs:

2 - 4

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Nest is laid in a shallow scrape, in open, barren areas, like rocky plains, dry open croplands and salt pans.

Nest Material:

Small twigs and other vegetation.





Greater Sand-Plover: Small plover with heavy, black bill, black lores, mask, and thin band above white front. White throat, belly, and vent, bit of white above eye. Gray-brown back and crown, orange-brown on front of crown, nape, and breast. Long wings with black flight feathers and white stripe. Medium tail with white edges and black-gray spot on tip. Fairly long, green-gray legs and feet. Feeds on crustaceans, insects, and marine invertebrates by picking prey off of beaches and mud flats.

Breeding and Nesting

Greater Sand-Plover: Two to four green-gray eggs with black markings are laid in a shallow scrape. The nest is made in open, barren areas like rocky plains, dry open croplands, and salt pans. A thin layer of small twigs and other vegetation are used to line the nest. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 24 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Greater Sand-Plover: This plover species feeds on insects, snails, small crabs and other crustaceans, and marine invertebrates. It forages by running for short distances and then stopping to look for prey. When prey is spotted, it quickly snatches it from the ground with its bill.


Greater Sand-Plover: Calls are generally long and trilled.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X