Common Moorhen (Palau)

Gallinula chloropus orientalis

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

GALCHL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Buff with red brown or olive spots.



Number of Eggs:

5 - 8



Incubation Days:

19 - 22



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is built on the ground or above wet ground in dense marsh vegetation.



Nest Material:

Marsh grass



Migration:

Some migrate



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General

Common Moorhen (Palau): Medium, chicken-like rail with black-gray head, back, and underparts, darker on head. Gray-brown back, wings, and tail. Short white bars on flanks, and white undertail with black stripe. Red frontal shield and bill with yellow tip. Green-yellow legs and long toes with a bit of red on upper parts of legs. Feeds on small insects and a wide variety of vegetable material by picking at the surface of the water and dipping its head below the water.

Breeding and Nesting

Common Moorhen (Palau): Five to eight gray-white or white-green eggs with red-brown spots are laid in a basket-like nest constructed with marsh grass. The nest is built on the ground or above wet ground in dense marsh vegetation. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 19 to 22 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Common Moorhen (Palau): Feeds on small insects and a wide variety of vegetable material. It forages for insects by picking them off the surface of the water, marsh vegetation, and off of the ground. It feeds on vegetation by picking it off the surface of the water and by dipping its head below the surface.

Vocalization

Common Moorhen (Palau): Produces loud, hen-like squeaks and clucks. Call is a loud "crrruk." Alarm call is a fast, repeated "kik-kik."

Similar Species

Purple Swamphen is larger, has a deep purple body, and no yellow on the bill. Watercock is larger, black overall with a yellow bill.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Frontal shieldX
The area where the bill extends onto the forehead of the bird. It is often brightly colored and is meant to grab the attention of other birds.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X