Buff-banded Rail

Gallirallus philippensis

Order

GRUIFORMES

Family

Rails, Gallinules and Coots (Rallidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

GALPHI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Buff-banded Rail has a large breeding range of nearly 2 million square kilometers. This common rail species is a resident of the Philippines, parts of Borneo, Sulawesi, and other islands in eastern Indonesia. It also occurs on New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and various islands in the South Pacific. This rail occurs in a variety of forested habitats. Although the size of the population is unknown, it is believed to be large enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Buff-banded Rail: Chicken-sized rail with chestnut crown, face, and nape, long white eyebrow, brown back and wings with some black and white spotting, and gray underparts with black and white barring on breast and belly. Buff band on breast. Short brown tail with some black and white barring. Sexes similar. Juvenile like adult but much paler.


Range and Habitat

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Buff-banded Rail SONGS AND CALLS

Buff-banded Rail MM1

Call is a harsh, squeaky "kree".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kreek"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Along with the Barred rail, this species is referred to as Tikling (in Philippines) or moho-pereru (in Maori).
  • The Buff-banded Rail is usually shy, however in certain circumstances, such as near island resorts in the Great Barrier Reef region, they are known to become tame and bold.
  • This species was first described by Linnaeus in 1766.
  • A group of rails is collectively known as a "hill", and a "rumor" of rails.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X