Barn Swallow (Palau)

Hirundo rustica gutturalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Swallows (Hirundinidae)

Code 4

BARS

Code 6

HIRRUS

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with brown markings.



Number of Eggs:

4 - 7



Incubation Days:

13 - 17



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Inside barn or building or in cliff ridges, under bridge or culvert.



Nest Material:

Clay or mud, dried stems, grasses, and straw with thick lining of horsehair, down, and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Barn Swallow (Palau): Medium swallow with glittering blue-black upperparts, red-brown forehead, chin and throat. Dark blue-black breast band, belly is white to orange. Tail is short and forked. Black legs and feet. It is the most abundant and widely distributed swallow in the world.

Breeding and Nesting

Barn Swallow: Four to seven brown marked, white eggs are laid in a solid cup of mud reinforced with grass, lined with feathers and soft plant material, and built under or on a rafter in a building or sheltered ledge. Incubation ranges from 13 to 17 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Barn Swallow (Palau): Diet includes insects such as grasshoppers, crickets, dragonflies, beetles, and moths. Barn swallows are quite opportunistic, and are often found following tractors engaged in plowing or mowing to take advantage of disturbed insects.

Vocalization

Barn Swallow (Palau): Song is liquid twittering and chattering ending in a harsh rattle. Alarm call is "chi-deep."

Similar Species

Barn Swallow: Asian House-Martin has a white throat and has no tail streamers. White-breasted Woodswallow has a much larger bill and an all-blue head.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X