Swinhoe's Snipe

Gallinago melaga




Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Black-olive with black-brown blotches.

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

18 - 20

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Nest is built in or close to a wetland and placed at the base of a grass tussock beneath a bush.

Nest Material:

Fine grass and marsh vegetation.





Swinhoe's Snipe: Small to medium-sized shorebird with brown and black mottled back and wings, and white stripes on the back. White stripe on black-brown crown, white-brown face with black-brown line through eye, wider behind eye, and black-brown mark below eye. Gray-brown streaks on neck and mottling on breast, white belly. Black-brown bars on flanks. Long, straight, black-brown bill with green-yellow base. Short, rounded tail with orange-brown central feathers. Feeds on worms and insects.

Breeding and Nesting

Swinhoe's Snipe: Four to six black-olive eggs with black-brown blotches are laid in a shallow, cup-shaped nest of grass and marsh vegetation in or close to a wetland. Nest is lined with fine grass and built on the ground. It is well hidden and placed at the base of a grass tussock beneath a bush. The female incubates the eggs for 18 to 20 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Swinhoe's Snipe: Feeds on worms, insects, and small mollusks. This snipe species forages by using its long bill to probe the muddy ground of grassy wetlands and the margins of ponds. When a food item is detected, it grasps it with its bill and pulls it out of the ground.


Swinhoe's Snipe: Alarm call is a loud "zhrick".

Similar Species

Common Snipe has a white trailing edge to wing and a thicker eyeline.

The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X