Palau Nightjar

Caprimulgus phalaena

Order

CAPRIMULGIFORMES

Family

Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

CAPIND

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2019 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Palau Nightjar has a very small range of 370 square kilometers. This species is only found in Palau and is a scarce resident of mangroves, wet forest, and forest edge on the larger islands. Not much is known about the range or behavior of this nocturnal species, but it seems to be scarce. The Palau Nightjar has an estimated population of anywhere from 1,000 to 2,500 mature individuals. This species has been given a conservation rating of Near Threatened on account of its small population. Future field work may show that this species is more common, or more rare, and thus possibly Endangered.

SUMMARY

Overview

Gray Nightjar: Small, gray-brown nightjar, black streaks above, black bars below, gray-white moustache and throat. Long wings, gray-white shoulder, rufous in flight feathers, white patch in primaries. Long, black barred, gray-brown tail, gray-white tip. Female has rufous moustache and on throat. Juvenile like adult but more pale spotting.


Range and Habitat

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Palau Nightjar SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kreek", "tauk tok tac-tac-tac"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Other common names for this species have included Indian Jungle Nightjar, Japanese Nightjar, and Ceylon Highland Nightjar.
  • The Palau Nightjar is sometimes considered to be a subspecies of its South Asian relative, the Jungle Nightjar.
  • This species was first described in 1845 by Temminck and Schlegel.
  • A group of nightjars is collectively known as a "kettle" of nightjars.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X