Black-naped Tern

Sterna sumatrana sumatrana

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

STESUM

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black-naped Tern has a breeding range more than 4 million square kilometers. This small tern breeds on islands and coastal sites in the Indian Ocean, southern and eastern Asia, northeastern Australia, and the western Pacific. It winters in oceanic and coastal waters in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans, and catches small fish with shallow dives in lagoons, and coastal and pelagic waters. Although the size of the population is unknown, it is believed to consist of several thousand mature individuals. At the current time, this bird species is not expected to face serious declines during the next few years, and has therefore been given a rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-naped Tern: Small, white tern with pale gray back and wings, and black line that extends from the eye back to black patch on the nape. Long, pointed wings have black line on outermost primary. Fairly long, forked tail. Sexes similar. Juvenile is like adult but has some black scaling on back, black shoulders, and bill tends to be shorter,


Range and Habitat

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Black-naped Tern SONGS AND CALLS

Black-naped Tern U1

Call is a high-pitched "kee-kee".

Black-naped Tern U2

Typical calls given in flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"kee-kee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Black-naped Tern was first described by British Statesman Sir Stamford Raffles in 1822. The species name reflects that Raffles collected his specimen in Sumatra.
  • This bird was also printed on postage stamps in 1952 featuring the flora and fauna of Singapore.
  • This bird was featured on the $1 "Bird Series" currency notes issued in Singapore from 1976-1984.
  • A group of terns is collectively known as a "ternery" or a "U" of terns.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X