Black-headed Bunting

Emberiza melanocephala

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

EMBMEL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black-headed Bunting has a large breeding range that exceeds 2 million square kilometers. This bunting species breeds in parts of Italy, Croatia, Greece, Bulgaria, and other countries in southeastern Europe, Turkey, southwestern Russia, the Levant, the Caucus region, Iran, and western Pakistan. It winters in India although vagrants have turned up in several Asian countries as well as Palau. The Black-headed Bunting feeds on seeds and small insects in open, grassy areas. Although the size of the population is unknown, it is believed to consist of more than 10 million individuals. This bird species is not expected to face serious declines and has therefore been given a rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-headed Bunting: Small yellow bunting with black hood, and chestnut back, rump, and sides of breast. Gray-black wings with light brown edging and one white bar in shoulder. Slightly forked, brown-gray tail. Winter female and juvenile like male but much paler, gray-brown instead of chestnut, and streaks on back and crown.


Range and Habitat

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Black-headed Bunting SONGS AND CALLS

Black-headed Bunting II1

Flight call is a rapid "zrit".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"zrit zrit srutt srutt-srutt sutteri-sutt sutterrih", "chiip", "chleep", "zrit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Males form "pure flocks" during migration and arrive at their winter habitat much sooner than the females.
  • The longest migration recorded of an individual Black-headed Bunting is about 4,350 miles.
  • This species produces a wide variety of vocalisations, particularly when in its breeding grounds. Males in particular are known to vocalise throughout the day during breeding.
  • A group of buntings is collectively known as a "decoration," a "mural," and a "sacrifice" of buntings.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X