Oriental Pratincole

Glareola maldivarum

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Coursers and Pratincoles (Glareolidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

GLAMAL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Gray-green with black-brown blotches



Number of Eggs:

2 - 3



Incubation Days:

20



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

nest is laid in a shallow scrape on dry, sandy or rocky ground.



Nest Material:

Small pebbles and bits of vegetation.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Oriental Pratincole: Small, wader-like bird with gray-brown upperparts, white belly, vent, and rump. Buff-brown on head and neck, black lores, white crescent below eye, black border to white-buff throat. Large, brown-black eye, short black bill with wide, red gape. Long, pointed gray-brown wings with black flight feathers, red-brown wing lining, black leading edge. White tail with black band, long outer tail feathers. Medium gray legs. Feeds on insects in swooping, graceful flight.

Breeding and Nesting

Oriental Pratincole: Two to three gray-green eggs with black-brown blotches are laid in a shallow scrape on dry, sandy or rocky ground. The nest is sometimes lined with small pebbles and bits of vegetation. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 20 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Oriental Pratincole: Feeds on a variety of insects. Takes some insects on the ground but mostly catches prey with its bill during swooping, graceful flight. Often feeds in flocks, some of which number in the thousands.

Vocalization

Oriental Pratincole: Emits sharp, chattering "chet" and "kyik" calls in flight.

Similar Species

Unlikely to be confused with any other species in this range.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
GapeX
Also called commissure, it is the hinge where the mandibles meet.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Wing liningX
The wing lining is the short and softer median, lesser and marginal coverts on the underwing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X