Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau)

Todiramphus cinnamominus pelewensis

Order

CORACIIFORMES

Family

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

TODCIN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

23



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

Nest is laid in a natural cavity or a hollow that has been excavated by both sexes in a coconut or other tree 10 to 24 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

No nesting materials are used, other than debris and wood from the tree.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau): The Palau subspecies, Rusty-capped Kingisher is the smallest of the subspecies, with orange-buff crown, green-blue back, wings, and tail, white collar and underparts. Black mask extends back to nape in thin line. Medium wings and rectangular tail. Heavy bill black-gray above, pink-brown below, with slightly upturned mandible. Short, black-gray legs and feet. Feeds on large insects and small lizards. Forages by waiting on low branch in or at the edge of forest, and flies down to the ground to snatch the food item with its bill.

Breeding and Nesting

Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau): Two white eggs are laid in a natural cavity or hollow excavated by both sexes in a coconut palm or other tree. The nest is 10 to 24 feet above the ground. No vegetation is used in the nest other than bits of debris and wood from the tree that hosts the cavity. Incubation is carried out by both sexes for 23 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau): Feeds on large insects and small lizards. Unlike many other kingfisher species, does not feed on fish nor forage near water. It forages for prey by watching from a low perch or telegraph wire in or at the edge of forest. When a food item is spotted, it flies down to snatch it off of the ground with its bill.

Vocalization

Micronesian Kingfisher (Palau): Typically silent, most often calling at dawn, dusk, and to their young. Call starts with hissing screeches, followed by drawn-out notes, "schee-schee-schee-kree-ee-ek, kree-ee-ek."

Similar Species

Collared Kingfisher is larger, has a dark blue cap, wings and tail, black eye line, and white undersides. Ruddy Kingfisher is orange and rufous with a bright red bill.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X