Orange-cheeked Waxbill

Estrilda melpoda

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4

OCHW

Code 6

ESTMEL

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

4



Incubation Days:

13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On or near ground in grassy areas.



Nest Material:

Grass stems and strips of vegetation.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Orange-cheeked Waxbill: Small and mostly gray with orange face patch from lores to superciliary area and ear coverts; forehead to nape gray, orange-red bill, brown back and wings; brick-red rump, white-buff belly with orange-yellow patch. Tail black-brown, white throat, gray sides of neck and breast; pale, brown-gray flanks, undertail coverts gray-white; pink-brown legs, medium length wings and medium length rounded tail. Female similar to male but belly patch is duller in color. Juvenile like adult but face is paler and rump is red-brown.

Foraging and Feeding

Orange-cheeked Waxbill: Their favorite food is green food and insects, including mealworms, termites, ant eggs and aphids. They also feed on tiny grass seeds, which they collect from the ground or, more often, directly from grass panicles. They hang on the stems and harvest the ripe seeds, sometimes while hanging upside down.

Vocalization

Orange-cheeked Waxbill: Rather nasal, weak and high pitched chipping and squeaky notes "zee", "chi-dee-chi". Song is a medley of variable short notes, "de-de-sweea, sweea, sweea" or "tsee-ree-ree, tsee-ree-ree".

Similar Species

Orange-cheeked Waxbill: Black-rumped Waxbill is paler overall and has narrow red mask.

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X