Japanese Quail

Coturnix japonica

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

JAQU

Code 6

COTJAP

ITIS

Egg Color:

Buff with brown, black and blue speckling.



Number of Eggs:

7



Incubation Days:

23



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Grass fibers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Japanese Quail: Small quail with white streaks on mottled gray-brown upperparts, white eyebrow, gray breast with short black-gray streaks, rufous sides with white streaks, and white belly; face and throat of male are rufous, those of female white with black-gray border. Has a small spiky beard in the autumn and winter; has a more rufous color in the spring; gray bill and tan legs. Juvenile is like adult female, but sides of head are more plain. Immature male's throat is like female, but washed with brick red in in the center.

Breeding and Nesting

Japanese Quail: The breeding season varies with location. These quail mate for life. The female builds sturdy nests on the ground that are usually hidden under vegetation. Eggs are incubated by the female for 21 to 25 days. The male helps take charge of the young. Young quail run and are able to catch food for themselves within a few hours of hatching.

Foraging and Feeding

Japanese Quail: These quail eat many kinds of grass seeds, including pannicum and white millet. In the summer especially, they seek and eat a variety of insects and small invertebrates. They forage on the ground for seeds and other vegetable matter, and also small creatures. In addition, they eat grit, especially the egg-laying females.

Vocalization

Japanese Quail: Three short burry, scratchy sounds, the third one longer and higher in pitch. Advertising call is a chattering, abrupt squawk, "chrr-churrk-chrr".

Similar Species

Japanese Quail: Lacks crest and scaling in plumage of Northern Bobwhite and does not occur in the same area as this species.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X