Hawaiian Noddy

Anous Minutus




Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White to pale red with a buff tint.

Number of Eggs:

1 - 2

Incubation Days:

34 - 39

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Coastal caves and rocky ledges.

Nest Material:

No nesting material if crevice is used otherwise, dead tree branches and seaweed lined with shells, rock, and bits of coral.





Hawaiian Noddy: These noddies are a sub-species of the Black Noddy. Adults are dark gray-brown to sooty black in color with a white cap, and have orange legs and feet; bill droops slightly.  Non-breeding adult is identical to breeding adult. The juveniles have gray feathers on the upperside of the wings and more white on the head. Races vary slightly, mainly in the tone of the plumage and size. They live throughout the year along the coasts of the main Hawaiian Islands as well as throughout the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

Breeding and Nesting

Hawaiian Noddy: These noddies nest in coastal caves and on rocky ledges on the main Hawaiian islands. Usually, Noio nest together as a colony. The females lay only one egg each year. They present a fish to their mate during mating ceremonies. A male noddy will nod and bow when he feeds his mate, before she lays her egg. Established pairs return to the same nest site year after year.

Foraging and Feeding

Hawaiian Noddy: These noddies feed primarily on juvenile goatfish, lizardfish, herring, flying fish and gobies. They often forage in large, mixed species flocks associated with schools of large predatory fish, which drive prey species to the surface. Noio generally forage in water near shore, and feed mainly by dipping the surface from the wing or making shallow dives.


Hawaiian Noddy: Calls include a crackling "krikrikrik", staccato rattling "kuk-kuk-kuk-kuk" and a frog-like "kik-krrrrr." Male's call is a quiet, purring "krrrrrrrrr." Call of first year birds a high thin "suwee."

Similar Species

Black Noddy: Brown noddy slightly larger and lighter, with stouter bill.

The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X