Anianiau

Magumma parva

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

ANIA

Code 6

MAGPAR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red-brown markings.



Number of Eggs:

1 - 3



Incubation Days:

13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Crown of ohia tree.



Nest Material:

Moss, lichen, and strips of tree bark.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Anianiau: Smallest honeycreeper, mostly bright yellow or green-yellow songbird with yellow edging to black-gray wings and tail. Coloring is brightest on face, throat and breast, fading to gray towards tail; slightly decurved, short, thin, pale beige to yellow bill; pale brown to straw-colored legs. Iris is dark brown; female similar to male but duller and more green-toned. Juveniles have dull gray to green upperparts and dull yellow on the throat and breast. Wing coverts are dusky gray.

Breeding and Nesting

Anianiau: This species is socially monogamous, and breeding season is from February to June. Both the male and female construct the nest made from plant fibres such as leaves, twigs, moss, grass and bark. One to three eggs are placed in a cup nest in the crown of the ohia tree in mesic and wet forests above 600 meters. The female incubates the eggs for 13 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Anianiau: They feed mainly on nectar and arthropods, and more rarely on fruit. They use a pointed and slightly decurved bill to probe flowers of native tree species for nectar and pick larvae and small invertebrates off of foliage. They forage primarily on flowers, outer canopy foliage, twigs of Ohia and Koa trees and various shrubs. They also feed on flowering shrubs and vines and on fern fronds.

Vocalization

Anianiau: A double or triple noted up slurred trill "tew-weet" or "see-u-weet." Advertising song consists of lively, sweet trills that are repeated and vary, "weesity-weesity-weesity", "see-twee-see-twee-see-twee" or "weesee-weesee-weesee."

Similar Species

Anianiau: Other similar species have duller green plumage, gray bills, and black lores.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Wing covertsX
The feathers that cover and protect the flight feathers.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X