Hawaiian Petrel

Pterodroma sandwichensis

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

HAPE

Code 6

PTESAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Hawaiian Petrel is a medium to large seabird that breeds in high elevations on the Hawaiian Islands. It forages in pelagic waters for squid, small fish, and crustaceans, and can range to Japan and Alaska in search of food. Nests are placed in burrows and crevices in lava tubes. The Hawaiian Petrel has an estimated population size of 20,000 birds and has been given a conservation rating of Vulnerable due to threats from introduced predators.

SUMMARY

Overview

Hawaiian Petrel: This medium-sized, tube-nosed seabird has a white front and cheeks, black upperparts and white underparts. It has a square, medium-length tail and long pointed wings. The diet includes mostly squid, but it also takes fish and crustaceans. It has an erratic, arching and diving flight. The males are slightly larger than the females.


Range and Habitat

Hawaiian Petrel: Breeds in high elevations on the Hawaiian Islands of Maui, Hawai‘i, and Kaua‘i, and it may also breed on the islands of Moloka‘i and Lana‘i. It feeds in the pelagic waters of the northern Pacific Ocean. Has been recorded off the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington from May to October.

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Hawaiian Petrel SONGS AND CALLS

Hawaiian Petrel D2

Typical call and squeaks.

Hawaiian Petrel D1

Call is a low "oo-uh".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Yap, yap"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Their breeding burrows can be 30 feet deep.
  • This species was recently split from the Dark-rumped Petrel of the Galapagos Islands.
  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.
  • The Hawaiian Petrel is known as "Uau" in the Hawaiian language.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X