Red Junglefowl

Gallus gallus




Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Off-white to cream.

Number of Eggs:

5 - 6

Incubation Days:

18 - 21

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Depression on the ground in dense undergrowth.

Nest Material:

Sticks, feathers, grass and leaves.





Red Junglefowl: Ancestor of domestic chicken. Upperparts are golden-orange, bronze to red. Face has red comb and wattles. Underparts are blue-green, rufous and brown-black. Large iridescent tail is green-black with patch of white feathers at base. Female is smaller and has a shorter tail. Plumage brown overall, may show some streaking. Head and neck buff to red-brown. Legs and feet are gray. Juvenile looks like adult female; has darker underparts. Young males get reddish-yellow hackles and some red on their back; has more black tail than female.

Range and Habitat

Red Junglefowl: True wild populations of this species are found only on Kauai, but feral birds are also found on the islands of Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Hawaii. These birds are native to Southern Asia and India. Its preferred habitats include forests, scrubland, and field edges, from sea level up to 6,560'.

Breeding and Nesting

Red Junglefowl: Five to six light brown eggs are laid in a depression lined with sticks, feathers, grass and leaves in dense undergrowth. Eggs are incubated for 18-21 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Red Junglefowl: These fowl are herbivores and insectivores. They eat corn, soybean, worms, grasses and different kinds of grains found on the ground. They cannot detect sweet tastes. They can detect salt, but most do not like it. They use their clawed feet and bill to scratch and forage on the ground for seeds, grains and invertebrates.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn


Red Junglefowl: Male has a loud "cock-a-doodle-doo" call. Also produces clucking and other alarm calls.

Similar Species

Red Junglefowl: Male Ring-necked Pheasant has blue-green iridescent head and very long, thin tail. Female Ring-necked Pheasant has scaled buff upperparts and flanks.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Only found in male birds and consists of a colored area over the eye. A well developed comb can also signal (sexual) health to a potential mate.

The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X