Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse

Pterocles exustus

Order

PTEROCLIDIFORMES

Family

Sandgrouse (Pteroclididae)

Code 4

CBSA

Code 6

PTEEXU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse is native to much of the Sahel region in sub-Saharan Africa, and eastern Africa south to Tanzania. It also occurs in much of the Middle East and India, and has been introduced to the island of Hawaii. This species feeds on the seeds of leguminous plants in arid grasslands with sparse vegetation and although it is non-migratory, it wanders around fairly large areas in search of water sources. On account of its huge range and large population, the IUCN has given the Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse: This sandgrouse is very common in Africa and India. It has buff to light brown upperparts, chestnut underparts and face, a black narrow breast-band, mottled back and wings, darker brown primaries, elongated central feathers on the tail and gray legs and feet. It feeds mainly on seeds. Fast and direct flight; long pointed wings allow for quick takeoff.


Range and Habitat

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse: Within North America, this species is found only on the big island of Hawaii. It is a native resident in India, the southern Arabian Peninsula, and parts of Africa. This bird prefers desert and semi-desert habitats, and is also found in arid scrub, dry steppe, and fallow fields.

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Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse SONGS AND CALLS

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse E1

Flight calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Etchup-ga-googooliga"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It is also known as Indian Sandgrouse, Common Indian Sandgrouse, Small Pin-tailed Sandgrouse, and Lesser Pin-tailed Sandgrouse.
  • One special feature of sandgrouse is their long flights to water holes in desert where not only do they drink, but during breeding they soak their belly feathers to carry water to the chicks. The male's belly feathers can hold up to 20 ml of water.
  • The Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse was first described in 1825 by Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck.
  • A group of sandgrouse has many collective nouns, including a "gripe", a grumbling", a "grain", and a "dune" of sandgrouse.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X