Red-vented Bulbul

Pycnonotus cafer




Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale pink with red-brown blotches.

Number of Eggs:

2 - 5

Incubation Days:

10 - 14

Egg Incubator:

Both sexes

Nest Location:

Shrubs and small trees.

Nest Material:

Dead leaves, twigs, rootlets, grasses, and cobwebs.





Red-vented Bulbul: Popular caged bird, native from Pakistan to southwest China. Upperparts and breast are scaled brown to black. Shiny black head has a small crest. Buff belly, white rump and uppertail coverts; undertail coverts are red. Brown-black tail is white-tipped. Sexes are similar. Juveniles are mostly brown; wing coverts, some flight feathers and tail feathers have buff tips. Belly, rump and uppertail coverts are gray-white, undertail coverts are pink buff. Races differ mostly in depth of color, the extent of black hood and size.

Range and Habitat

Red-vented Bulbul: A small flock was seen on O'ahu in 1966. Now numerous and found in many types of habitats throughout most of O'ahu. Has also been recorded in central Molokai and coastal areas of the island Hawaii. Prefers lower level residential, agricultural, and scrubland. Also resides in native forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-vented Bulbul: Two to five pale pink eggs marked with large, irregular red-brown blotches are laid in a cup-shaped nest constructed of twigs, rootlets, grasses and cobwebs. Eggs are incubated for 10-14 days by female or both parents. Chicks fledge after 12 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Red-vented Bulbul: Their diet includes leaves, flowers, buds, nectar, pollen, fruits, berries and figs, insects and spiders. They may sit on an exposed branch to hunt winged insects, glean bark and leaves, and chase insects on the ground. They forage in trees, shrubs and bushes, gathering food while perched on twigs or stems, although they readily hover, albeit briefly.


Red-vented Bulbul: Has two different songs, a whistled flutelike one and a short, repeated "wheet-wheet-ear". Alarm call is a single, sharp "PEEP" or repeated "peep-peep-peep".

Similar Species

Red-vented Bulbul: Red-whiskered Bulbul is smaller, has white underparts, white and red cheek patches, and a larger crest.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
The upper front part of a bird.
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Wing covertsX
The feathers that cover and protect the flight feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X